Further key sites are found at Newtown Creek, Werrar and Wootton-Quarr. The Isle of Wight is made up of a variety of rock types dating from early Cretaceous (around 127 million years ago) to the middle of the Palaeogene (around 30 million years ago). [131] Until the 1960s most pubs were owned by Mews Brewery, situated in Newport near the old railway station, but it closed and the pubs were taken over by Strong's, and then by Whitbread. [75] There are occasional sightings of wild deer, and there is a colony of wild goats on Ventnor's downs. At the Isle of Wight Council election of 2013, the Conservatives lost the majority which they had held since 2005 to the Island Independents, with Island Independent councillors holding 16 of the 40 seats, and a further five councillors sitting as independents outside the group. Carisbrooke Priory and the fort of Carisbrooke Castle were then founded. Other major sailing events hosted in Cowes include the Fastnet race, the Round the Island Race,[102] the Admiral's Cup, and the Commodore's Cup. Visit Isle of Wight Find out everything you need to know about visiting the Isle of Wight, on the Islands offical tourism website at www.visitisleofwight.co.uk The French invasion on 21 July 1545 (famous for the sinking of the Mary Rose on the 19th) was repulsed by local militia. Car ferry and passenger catamaran services are run by Wightlink and Red Funnel, and a hovercraft passenger service (the only such remaining in the world[142]) by Hovertravel. This position led to it hosting three prisons: Albany, Camp Hill and Parkhurst, all located outside Newport near the main road to Cowes. How big is the Isle of Wight? Anthony Snodgrass[16][17] suggests that a shortage of tin, as a part of the Bronze Age Collapse and trade disruptions in the Mediterranean around 1300 BC, forced metalworkers to seek an alternative to bronze. Allegiance was sworn to FitzOsbern rather than the king; the Lordship was subsequently granted to the de Redvers family by Henry I, after his succession in 1100. The island has a warmer climate and a longer growing season than much of the United Kingdom. [20] The island was known as Ynys Weith in Brittonic Celtic. [65], On 26 October 2020 an oil tanker the Nave Andromeda, suspected to have been hijacked by Nigerian stowaways, was stormed south east of the island by the Special Boat Service. The property offers an indoor pool, sauna, steam room, and bar. [86], There have been small regionalist movements: the Vectis National Party and the Isle of Wight Party; but they have attracted little support at elections. [99], Two rowers from Southampton ARC (Chris Bennett and Roger Slaymaker) set the two-man record in July 2003 at 8 hours 34 minutes, and in 2005 Gus McKechnie of Coalporters Rowing Club became the first adaptive rower to row around, completing a clockwise row.[100]. [44], During the English Civil War, King Charles fled to the Isle of Wight, believing he would receive sympathy from the governor Robert Hammond, but Hammond imprisoned the king in Carisbrooke Castle. [5] It has well-conserved wildlife and some of the richest cliffs and quarries for dinosaur fossils in Europe. [153] Parkhurst enjoyed notoriety as one of the toughest jails in the United Kingdom, and housed many notable inmates including the Yorkshire Ripper Peter Sutcliffe, New Zealand drug lord Terry Clark and the Kray twins. Even in good conditions, it includes a number of significant obstacles such as the Needles and the overfalls at St Catherine's Point. In 1851 the first America's Cup race was around the island. These were the first publicly-witnessed long distance telephone calls in the UK. The island also hosts events such as the Isle of Wight Randonnée and the Isle of Wight Cycling Festival each year. The unusual mirrored structure was discovered on the Isle of Wight… Holidays focused on natural heritage, including wildlife and geology, are becoming an alternative to the traditional British seaside holiday, which went into decline in the second half of the 20th century due to the increased affordability of foreign holidays. Under Henry VIII, who developed the Royal Navy and its Portsmouth base, the island was fortified at Yarmouth, Cowes, East Cowes, and Sandown. The eroding cliffs often reveal previously hidden remains, particularly along the Back of the Wight. [72] Some years have almost no snow in winter, and only a few days of hard frost. There is an Isle of Wight Saturday Football League which feeds into the Hampshire League with two divisions and two reserve team leagues, and a rugby union club.[108][109]. 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Traditional agricultural commodities are more difficult to market off the island because of transport costs, but local farmers have succeeded in exploiting some specialist markets, with the higher price of such products absorbing the transport costs. [51][52], On 14 January 1878, Alexander Graham Bell demonstrated an early version of the telephone to the queen,[53] placing calls to Cowes, Southampton and London. The island has over 200 miles (322 km) of cycleways, many of which can be enjoyed off-road. Following an amalgamation of local hockey clubs in 2011, the Isle of Wight Hockey Club now runs two men's senior and two ladies' senior teams. During Pleistocene glacial periods, sea levels were lower and the present day Solent was part of the valley of the Solent River. like the rest of Great Britain, was occupied by the Celtic Britons, in the form of the Durotriges tribe – as attested by finds of their coins, for example, the South Wight Hoard,[18][19] and the Shalfleet Hoard. That location is now the site of the Marconi Monument. These are all variant forms of the same name, possibly Celtic in origin. A favourable climate supports two vineyards, including one of the oldest in the British Isles at Adgestone. The Isle of Wight’s round the island cycle is in May each year. This is now one of the biggest scooter rallies in the world, attracting between four and seven thousand participants. It is similar to the West Country dialects heard in South West England, but less pronounced. An annual walking festival[137] has attracted considerable interest. There have been three other firms that built planes on the island. The southwestern quarter is commonly referred to as the Back of the Wight, and has a unique character. With its proximity to German-occupied France, the island hosted observation stations and transmitters, as well as the RAF radar station at Ventnor. To promote the island's identity and culture, the High Sheriff Robin Courage founded an Isle of Wight Day; the first was held on Saturday 24 September 2016. After monoliths popped up in Utah, Romania and California, a new one has been found Sunday in the Isle of Wight in England. The Isle of Wight is part of the BBC South region and the ITV Meridian region. Notable claimed hauntings include God's Providence House in Newport (now a tea room), Appuldurcombe House, and the remains of Knighton Gorges.[98]. The River Medina flows north into the Solent, the Eastern Yar flows roughly northeast to Bembridge Harbour, and the Western Yar flows the short distance from Freshwater Bay to a relatively large estuary at Yarmouth. The Isle of Wight is shaped like a diamond and so 57 miles of coastline is available to explore whilst you are never more than a few miles from the sea wherever you are on the Island. Primary and St Helen's Primary. Camp Hill closed as a prison in March 2013. Triplets, who were featured on the front page of the Isle of Wight County Press when they were born, are celebrating their eighteenth birthday! GKN operates what began as the British Hovercraft Corporation, a subsidiary of (and known latterly as) Westland Aircraft, although they have reduced the extent of plant and workforce and sold the main site. Garlic has been successfully grown in Newchurch for many years, and is even exported to France. [126], Bembridge Airfield is the home of Britten-Norman, manufacturers of the Islander and Trislander aircraft. The Isle of Wight is near the densely populated south of England, yet separated from the mainland. "From tonight, the contact tracing capability will go live, and tomorrow NGS staff on the island will be able to download the app. When hunter-gatherers used the site it was located on a river bank surrounded by wetland and woodland. [106] Since 2013 the course has started and finished in Cowes, heading out to the west of the island and passing through Gurnard, Rew Street, Porchfield, Shalfleet, Yarmouth, Afton, Willmingham, Thorley, Wellow, Shalfleet, Porchfield, and Northwood. In Domesday Book it is Wit; the modern Welsh name is Ynys Wyth (ynys = island). [45], During the Seven Years' War, the island was used as a staging post for British troops departing on expeditions against the French coast, such as the Raid on Rochefort. [50] Her machine had a changing room and a WC with plumbing. [30] From then onwards, there are indications that the island had wide trading links, with a port at Bouldnor,[31][32][33] evidence of Bronze Age tin trading,[15] and finds of Late Iron Age coins.[34]. As a result, the island has been nicknamed "Dinosaur Island" and Dinosaur Isle was established in 2001. For example, a $20 gift card purchase to a locally-owned Isle of Wight business will actually be worth $40. - If you become unwell with COVID symptoms, you inform the NHS via the app. It is the Destination Management Organisation for the Isle of Wight, a public and private sector partnership led by the private sector, and consists of over 1,200 companies, including the ferry operators, the local bus company, rail operator and tourism providers working together to collectively promote the island. The Isle of Wight will host the first tests for a Government-fronted coronavirus contact-tracing app, which will form part of the official response to the disease once they ease lockdown measures. The island's heritage is a major asset that has for many years supported its tourist economy. The island has resorts that have been holiday destinations since Victorian times, and is known for its mild climate, coastal scenery, and verdant landscape of fields, downland and chines. The island is well known for its cycling, and it was included within Lonely Planet's Best in Travel Guide (2010) top ten cycling locations. Contact tracing trial: How does the contact tracing app work. The island enjoys 1,800–2,100 hours of sunshine a year. [46], In the 1860s, what remains in real terms the most expensive ever government spending project saw fortifications built on the island and in the Solent, as well as elsewhere along the south coast, including the Palmerston Forts, The Needles Batteries and Fort Victoria, because of fears about possible French invasion. The Victoria Pier in Cowes succeeded the earlier Royal Pier but was itself removed in 1960. The area was affected by sea level changes during the repeated Quaternary glaciations. The Undercliff between St Catherine's Point and Bonchurch is the largest area of landslip morphology in western Europe. Others are more obscure and now used mainly for comic emphasis, such as mallishag (meaning "caterpillar"), gurt meaning "large", nammit (a mid-morning snack) and gallybagger ("scarecrow", and now the name of a local cheese). In terms of landmass, the isle is roughly 236 square miles, and is … [26], Starting in AD 449 (according to the Anglo Saxon Chronicles) the 5th and 6th centuries saw groups of Germanic speaking peoples from Northern Europe crossing the English Channel and gradually set about conquering the region. For other uses, see, As well as the former Princess Beatrice during World War II, most otherwise notable was, Components may not sum to totals due to rounding, includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured, Isle of Wight Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, Member of Parliament for the Isle of Wight, Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Act, Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies, Electoral Registration and Administration Act 2013, Isle of Wight International Scooter Rally, List of tourist attractions in the Isle of Wight, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of civil parishes on the Isle of Wight, List of current places of worship on the Isle of Wight, List of High Sheriffs of the Isle of Wight, List of Lord Lieutenants of the Isle of Wight, "Queen appoints new Lord-Lieutenant of the Isle of Wight", "2011 Census, Key Statistics for Local Authorities in England and Wales", "Isabella de Fortibus, 'Queen of the Wight' - English Heritage", "Portsmouth agrees to launch Solent Combined Authority bid", "Solent Combined Authority bid 'almost certainly dead, "The Pleistocene sequence at Priory Bay, Isle of Wight (SZ 635 900)", https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/8000-year-old-boat-building-platform-found-coast-britain-180972989/, "Ictis disentangled, and the British tin trade", https://www.historyfiles.co.uk/KingListsBritain/EnglandWight.htm, "The fine-scale genetic structure of the British population", "The distribution of early bronze age settlements in Britain", "Sedimentary DNA from a submerged site reveals wheat in the British Isles 8000 years ago", "DNA recovered from underwater British site may rewrite history of farming in Europe", "Anglo-Saxon Isle of Wight: 900 - 1066 AD", "Isabella de Fortibus, "Queen of the Wight, Visiting the Isle of Wight: Queen Victoria Trail. Tourism is still the largest industry, and most island towns and villages offer hotels, hostels and camping sites. Mr Hancock pleaded with the public to download the app to "protect the NHS and save lives". [21] South eastern Britain experienced significant immigration that is reflected in the genetic makeup of the current residents. From the Anglo-Saxon period Latin Vecta, Old English Wiht and Old Welsh forms Gueid and Guith are recorded. Elections in the constituency have traditionally been a battle between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats. [92] The island was regarded and administered as a part of Hampshire until 1890, when its distinct identity was recognised with the formation of Isle of Wight County Council (see also Politics of the Isle of Wight). [55][56], The world's first radio station was set up by Marconi in 1897, during her reign, at the Needles Battery, at the western tip of the island. These coupons allow people to make the right choices and save big every time. A major contributor to the local economy is sailing and marine-related tourism. The boom in tourism, spurred by growing wealth and leisure time, and by Victoria's presence, led to significant urban development of the island's coastal resorts. The final private owner was the Countess Isabella de Fortibus, who, on her deathbed in 1293, was persuaded to sell it to Edward I. The island is also covered by a number of local stations on the mainland, including the BBC station BBC Radio Solent broadcast from Southampton. Video shows a mysterious mirrored object similar to the monolith structures found earlier. [135] The skeleton of a dead whale that its founder Alexander Dabell found in 1844 is still on display. The tourist board for the island is Visit Isle of Wight, a not for profit company. Its county seat is a town named Isle of Wight. Tom Dunford, 29, said he … A submerged escarpment 11m below sea level off Bouldnor Cliff on the island's northwest coastline is home to an internationally significant mesolithic archaeological site. [124] The largest agricultural sector has been dairying, but due to low milk prices and strict legislation for UK milk producers, the dairy industry has been in decline: there were nearly 150 producers in the mid-1980s, but now just 24. There have been 124 positive tests in the last seven days – a rate per 100,000 population of 87.94. The island is said to be the most haunted in the world, sometimes being referred to as "Ghost Island". In 1870 quiet Chale Green had a wheelwright, carpenter, sweep and grocer. The island has played an important part in the defence of the ports of Southampton and Portsmouth, and been near the front-line of conflicts through the ages, including the Spanish Armada and the Battle of Britain. [48], Until the queen's example, the island had been rural, with most people employed in farming, fishing or boat-building. From historic sites to natural delights, major national events, the Isle of Wight is a unique holiday destination and has something for everyone. Journeys away from the island involve a ferry journey. Primary. The Isle of Wight competes in the biennial Island Games, which it hosted in 1993 and again in 2011. Camp Hill is located adjacent but to the west of Albany and Parkhurst, on the very edge of Parkhurst Forest, having been converted first to a borstal and later to a Category C prison. The Isle of Wight College is located on the outskirts of Newport. Between 1993 and 2000, visits increased at an average rate of 3% per year.[134]. The property can book discounted ferries to the Isle of Wight for guests. Bronze Age Britain had large reserves of tin in the areas of Cornwall and Devon and tin is necessary to smelt bronze. The 10-12 feet (3-3.6-metre) structure was discovered in the ground and tucked into a red rock cove, sparking speculation about how it had come to be there and attracting the attention of conspiracy theorists. “We went down the steps and to the right about 100 yards in front of us we saw this big reflection of the sun. Since 2009, Turner was embroiled in controversy over his expenses, health, and relationships with colleagues, with local Conservatives having tried but failed to remove him in the runup to the 2015 general election. Stirling's alternative history novel, one of the destinations to which the British government evacuates in Frank Tayell's post-apocalyptic novel, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 11:49. [128], There are three breweries on the island. [125], Another manufacturing activity is in composite materials, used by boat-builders and the wind turbine manufacturer Vestas, which has a wind turbine blade factory and testing facilities in West Medina Mills and East Cowes. The queen tried the device and considered the process to be "quite extraordinary" although the sound was "rather faint". Shop at John Lewis. Cowes is a centre for sailing, hosting several racing regattas. Finds include flint tools, burnt flint, worked timbers, wooden platforms and pits. The Isle Of Wight really does have it all like the huge bike park in the centre, surf spots all around the coast and huge rolling hills which of course means there is bound to be some big stairs to ride down. Mr Hancock continued: "Last week we put in the testing capability on the island. - Notes and Queries", "Celebrate all things Island on Isle of Wight Day", "Default What happened to the National Wireless Museum? The annual Isle of Wight International Scooter Rally has since 1980 met on the August Bank Holiday. The Isle of Wight is the 39th official county in English cricket, and the Isle of Wight Cricket Board organises a league of local clubs. [115], The table below shows the regional gross value (in millions of pounds) added by the Isle of Wight economy, at current prices, compiled by the Office for National Statistics.[116][117]. [23][24], Julius Caesar reported that the Belgae took the Isle of Wight in about 85 BC,[25] and recognised the culture of this general region as "Belgic", but made no reference to Vectis. [76][77][78][79] Protected species such as the dormouse and rare bats can be found. Others have become "federated", such as Brading C.E. The Needles, along with Old Harry Rocks on Purbeck, represent the edges of this breach. The Norman Aeroplane Company is a smaller aircraft manufacturing company operating in Sandown. [69] These strata continue west from the island across the Solent into Dorset, forming the basin of Poole Harbour (Tertiary) and the Isle of Purbeck (Cretaceous) respectively. The Government has now published the app on the Apple Store and Google Play, with health workers invited to install it tomorrow. Isle Of Wight Rugby Football Club", "Newclose: Cricket Scoreboard Arrives | Isle of Wight News", "Newclose County Cricket Ground Open Days", "Scooter rally takes place on Isle of Wight", "Trixie's Big Red Motorbike – Discover music, concerts, stats, & pictures at", "Annual estimates of NUTS3 regional Gross Value Added (GVA)", "Key census statistics, Isle of Wight Authority area", "Wine for Sale – Vineyard Tours, Isle of Wight", "Isle of Wight lavender farm, lavender products, lavender plants, teas", "Saunders-Roe/Westland Aircraft/British Hovercraft Corporation", "Isle of Wight wind turbine firm Vestas creates 200 jobs", "A list of aircraft and airplane manufacturers as well as airfields on the Isle of Wight", "Petroleum Geology - South of England: The Portland - Isle of Wight Offshore Basin", "A POTTED HISTORY OF ISLE OF WIGHT HOLIDAYS", "A website with Isle of Wight statistics for investors", "Welcome to the official website of the Isle of Wight Walking Festival 2013", "Summer Southsea-Sandown hovercraft route plans dropped", "Isle of Wight Cycle Hire & Cycling Guide - Isle Cycle - Cowes & Sandown", "The Parkhirst (sic) Breakout: Fugitives were trapped by the sea", "Palaces for the People - Panoramic Views", "The Lost Talismans of Spirit of the Stones", "The Isle of Wight's Literary Connections", "Top Gear on the Isle of Wight, starring Red Funnel and the Military Road", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Isle_of_Wight&oldid=994165459, Local government districts of South East England, NUTS 2 statistical regions of the United Kingdom, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles needing additional references from February 2019, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 97.3% White, 1.1% Asian, 0.2% Black, 0.1% Other, 1.2% Mixed, Source: Met Office Climate Averages, Shanklin, 1981-2010. The island hosts annual music festivals including the Isle of Wight Festival, which in 1970 was the largest rock music event ever held. But days later, the Utah Bureau of Land … [80], A competition in 2002 named the pyramidal orchid as the Isle of Wight's county flower.[81]. It is the home of the bands The Bees, Trixie's Big Red Motorbike and Level 42. During 1759, with a planned French invasion imminent, a large force of soldiers was stationed there. Here more than 300 acheulean handaxes have been recovered from the beach and cliff slopes, originating from a sequence of Pleistocene gravels dating approximately to MIS 11 (424,000-374,000 years ago).[12]. During the Dark Ages the island was settled by Jutes as the pagan kingdom of Wihtwara under King Arwald. The earliest evidence of archaic human presence on what is now the Isle of Wight is found at Priory Bay. A Mousterian flint assemblage, consisting of 50 handaxes and debitage has been recovered from Great Pan Farm near Newport. [27] First-century exports were principally hides, slaves, hunting dogs, grain, cattle, silver, gold, and iron. There are several non-league clubs such as Newport (IOW) F.C. The island's modest size is one of the key reasons the Government chose the island to pilot the study, Speaking in the government's daily briefing, Matt Hancock said: "The island has a single NHS trust, one local authority with the responsibility for public health, a relatively low number of COVID cases, and because it's an island we can run the tests in scientifically controlled conditions.". [123] Lavender is grown for its oil. [154] As a rural community, many of these are small and with fewer pupils than in urban areas. The refurbished machine is now displayed at the beach. The island has 100 sq mi (258 km2) of farmland, 20 sq mi (52 km2) of developed areas, and 57 miles (92 km) of coastline. The north coast is unusual in having four high tides each day, with a double high tide every twelve and a half hours. In 1970, the festival was headlined by Jimi Hendrix attracting an audience of 600,000, some six times the local population at the time. It’s also a great place to enjoy laidback cafés and local seafood restaurants along with a burgeoning gallery scene in Ventnor and, every June, big bands at the annual Isle of Wight Festival. [89][90], The island has its own local and regional words. During the Second World War the island was frequently bombed. Blackgang Chine is the oldest theme park in Britain, opened in 1843. It suffered especially from Viking raids,[38] and was often used as a winter base by Viking raiders when they were unable to reach Normandy. The Victoria Pier in Cowes and a transmitter near Newport. [ 134.... Iron Age, the Isle of Wight population 2020: How does the tracing! Attested to by flint tools and monuments are rowing clubs at Newport, Ryde and Shanklin all. Brading C.E the valley of the biggest Scooter rallies in the world, between. 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