Diet can play an important part in the prevention of minor urinary problems, but if your dog's problems are already established, please consult your veterinary surgeon for advice. There are, however, some exceptions. Therefore, to stop weight gain, or achieve weight loss, your dog has two options: eat fewer calories or burn more - or ideally, both. This can cost you more and your dog may eat less but will be more satisfied. If your dog is prone to weight gain, you should look for foods with no more than 10% fat (2.5% wet). When you remove canned food from the refrigerator make sure to add a little hot water.  Do not leave an opened dog food can in the refrigerator more than 2 or 3 days before discarding it. However, the ingredient list Bladder or kidney stones, urinary crystals, bacterial infections and cystitis (the inflammation caused by the other conditions) are amongst the most common. The majority of dry dog foods contain 9-14% fat (about 2-4% in wet foods). During the last third of pregnancy (weeks 6 - 9) the puppies are growing very quickly, roughly doubling in size each week. One easy way is to feed more regular, smaller meals. Take a look at our guide to feeding dogs with digestive problems here. Helpful Tips for Adopting a Hypoallergenic Dog. You owe it to your dog to get his food right but don't fret, we're here to help all the way! Company registered in Finland (why?) This is because high-quality foods tend to contain less fillers and more nutritional ingredients so the feeding amounts are lower. He has gathered a lot of information about dogs and now publishes how-to articles on his blog. Food and digestive health play a major role in almost all skin problems so if your dog has skin sensitivities, be sure to check out our comprehensive guide to feeding itchy dogs here. Although health issues can come in incredibly wide range of forms, there are some simple dietary principles that can apply to virtually all of them. Although there is some discussion over whether dogs need fibre in their diet or not, there is now a growing consensus that dietary fibre can be very beneficial for dogs. The first ingredient is, therefore, the largest and most important part of the food. Dry foods can be introduced from 5-6 weeks of age. Teach your dog to sit before you put his food bowl on the floor to avoid spilling of food and water. If you're not seeing any weight loss after 2-3 weeks, reduce the amount by a further 10%. In order to fight illness and infection, good nutrition from a good quality dog food is essential. On the other hand, if your dog is normal weight or above, then you know that what he is getting at the moment is sufficient, so we have to find ways of satisfying him better whilst not increasing his overall intake. Over millions of years of evolution it has been shaped into an extremely efficient machine. If we can inspire just a few people to adopt a dog rather than buy from a breeder, our purpose is justified. Obviously, the easiest way to ensure your dog takes in less calories is to feed less. Take a look at our our Dog Food Directory and filter for working dog foods to see what options are available. An alternative would be to feed a lower amount of a normal adult food and top up with home-cooked vegetables or well-cooked grains like brown rice or porridge oats. Many ingredients such as meat, poultry and grains are considered safe and do not require pre-market approval. Of course, these supplements can instead be bought separately and added to any adult dog food. Bouillon is generally a safe and healthy ingredient, but dogs with congestive heart disease should avoid bouillon due to its high salt content and, if advised by your vet, opt for a low sodium dog food diet instead. A popular alternative to strict feeding times is free feeding. A good, sturdy container will also help to fend off any unauthorised raids while you're out. Some breeds like labradors are particularly prone and for some highly food motivated dogs, their constant begging and scavenging can become a real issue. Dog food manufactures are required by the AAFCO to label their food appropriate to the set guidelines for each of these life stages if they should market their food in that way. Always check the labels and watch out for those additives. Different foods can have dramatically different feeding amounts so make sure to check the guide on the packaging of the new food as both over-feeding and under-feeding can lead to health problems. Dog food nutrition guidelines vary from dog to dog. As a general guide we advise offering the daily amount of food recommended for the ideal bodyweight of your dog in the feeding guide on the pack. The last few recalls that came out also didn’t serve to make people feel For example, if your dog becomes hungry easily it is usually best to feed several small meals to make sure the stomach isn't left empty for long periods. For example, instead of feeding two 120g meals per day, you could feed three 80g meals. While different dogs will do better on foods with different nutritional profiles, I have always found dogs to be extremely adaptable and most can thrive on a wide range of nutrient levels, from the traditional low protein, low fat, high fibre dry foods to the new generation of high protein, high fat, low fibre wet and raw foods. According to British law, all complete dog foods have to display the percentages of protein, fat, fibre and ash on the packaging. The herb, devil's claw, has proven benefits for humans with joint problems but is very expensive and so is not used in dog foods very often. So, I was inspired to create the Healthy Dog Workshop Pet Food Selection guide, containing the questions in priority order that I would ask before feeding a product to my own dogs. Dogs need a wide variety of minerals to stay fit and healthy, all of which have to be in sufficient quantities in any complete food. John has been around dogs all of his life. It is no coincidence that many of the most problematic ingredients for dogs (and humans) are also those that have only entered the food chain relatively recently: With so little time to adapt to these new ingredients, it is little wonder that they tend to cause so many upsets in dogs. If fresh meat is the first ingredient, be sure to discount the water and move it down the list accordingly. During pregnancy and nursing, the developing puppies get all of their nutrients from the mother. Some foods declare the contents of more nutrients, but this is completely voluntary. For a comprehensive guide on all of the types of food available from dry to raw, complementary to complete, take a look at our guide here. Dogs love consistency so once you have found a schedule that suits you and your dog, it's best to stick with it. Even if nothing has been eaten, DON'T OFFER ANYTHING ELSE! All dogs need a wide range of nutrients to live a healthy life. Have you always wanted to own a dog, but your allergies have been a concern for you?  The good news is that even though you are allergic to dogs, you can actually own one. Following the birth, the mother continues to supply everything the puppies need for growth and development through her milk, and her dietary needs will continue to rise. Joint supplements for dogs have become increasingly popular in recent years. Start to introduce the food at the beginning of the puppy's 4th week (not before). Your puppy's adult teeth will appear between 3-7 months of age, and may slow down his eating. Likewise, a dog's energy levels, attention span and demeanour can fluctuate dramatically after eating certain foods. This is why nutritionists always put so much emphasis on the meat content of a food. During the first 6 weeks of pregnancy, the puppies remain quite small and don't place too many demands on their mother, so her normal diet will usually be sufficient. This is because the nutrient densities of different foods can vary widely, and this is reflected in the manufacturers' recommended feeding amounts. This dog food provides healthy and natural nutrients for dogs at all stages of their lives. For this reason, unless your dog has a specific health problem, I wouldn't worry about the typical analysis. There are many problems that can affect a dog’s urinary system. Dietary protein can come in many forms from many sources. Every cell in every system works in harmony to keep the dog fit and healthy and in order to do so they simply need the right amounts of the right nutrients. Keep the children away from him while he’s eating. No dog food can ever be magically better than the ingredients that were used to make it. If you have any health concerns about the mother or the puppies, please consult your vet. This means that they tend to benefit from higher energy foods. This means that is provides a medium and a food source for 'friendly' intestinal bacteria. In between meals, let his gastric juices and digestive system rest. They will need at least 4 small meals per day and over the subsequent days, you will notice the puppies taking more and more solid food while their mother's milk production begins to decrease. This avoids overextending the stomach. Minerals are involved in every process in the dog's body. Manufacturers use them either because the recipe regularly changes or, more likely, because naming the ingredients would put customers off. Fibre is the part of plants that can't be digested. *Remember that these are JUST guidelines, and can vary based on your dog's activity level, age, breed, and overall health TAGS: Pet Health & Nutrition Pets Pet Food Categories The point here is that illness is not a random event. Your dog is at his ideal weight when you can feel, but not easily see, the last two or three ribs and when there is an easily identifiable waist line when looking down from above. Quite often, when a dog is changed from a low-grade food on to a high-quality diet, they can often be left a bit hungry. Water is also crucial to kidney and urinary health. Some nutritionists have also claimed that high protein diets can affect a dog's behaviour but this link has not been proven. The most natural and digestible form for dogs comes in meat and fish. The guidelines lay out some strict and challenging criteria, including the use of educated and established nutritionists, feeding trials, … The #1-selling natural pet food in Pet Specialty, BLUE Life Protection Formula® for dogs and cats, is made by Blue Buffalo. Nutritional Guidelines for Complete and Complementary Pet Food for Cats and Dogs, (FEDIAF Guidelines) that are roughly the European-equivalent to the AAFCO Dog and Cat Food Nutrient Profiles. If you suspect that your dog is suffering from any health problems, we would strongly recommend consulting your vet. Chondroitin and glucosamine are natural constituents of meat and so are present in virtually all dog foods, but some dog foods have additional to provide extra joint support. Although the causes of urinary problems can very widely, the best way of keeping them all at bay is to make sure the urine doesn't get too concentrated. The whole weaning process usually takes around 10 days to complete. Your vet will be able to tell you your dog's weight or you can stand on the scales whilst carrying your dog to calculate it at home. Tummy upsets come in many forms but no matter what the underlying cause, diet should always be the core of any treatment programme. Listings on dog food cans and bags of dry food of “how much to feed the average adult dog” should be taken as basic guidelines that can vary widely according to activity level, size and metabolism of a dog. Feeding the right amount is just as important as feeding the right food. You’ll be able to see good results like shiny eyes, smooth skin and your dog will be more alert. The second part of any weight loss programme should be exercise. No matter what you put down, they are simply not interested, or if they are it's usually only a matter of time before they start turning their nose up. Even with our help though, all we can do is make an educated guess as to what food is likely to benefit your dog most. For deep-chested and large dogs, water bowls and food should be placed below neck height. Please note that the following advice is for owners of dogs that regularly refuse food with no underlying health problems. Please note that the feeding amounts suggested in our dog food reviews are only provided to help you compare the relative feeding costs of foods and should not be used as an alternative to the feeding guide provided on the packaging. This means that 20% fresh meat only equates to around 7% dry meat. Do not free feed your dog. Fats (or oils as they are often called) serve a number of essential functions in dogs. Most dog owners opt for 1-3 meals per day but due to the potential link between bloat (a potentially life-threatening illness also known as Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus or Gastric Torsion) and single, large meals, an increasing number of veterinarians are now recommending dividing the daily food allowance into two or more smaller meals spaced across the day. However, much of the information about hypoallergenic dogs tend to focus on dog breeds.  What if... Our goal is to search the internet daily and bring you amazing stories of compassion and empathy when it comes to our favorite pets - the dog. For dogs with a history of heart problems, diet can be very important in reducing the risk of future problems. From the moment any ingredient is harvested, its nutritional levels start to drop and the rate at which the nutrients degrade is entirely dependant on how the food is stored. Unfortunately, manufacturers can be quite cunning when it comes to the order of the ingredients so some common tactics to look for include: Splitting grains: By using several grain sources, the amount of each one is relatively small, placing it further down the ingredients list, but together the cereals may in reality make them the first ingredient. At 8 weeks, the puppy has developed enough, physically and psychologically, to allow for a safe move to a new home. There are plenty of options in all sorts of shapes and sizes available from pet shops or you could simply use a normal dustbin or other similar container. That’s why all the dog food we sell has feeding guidelines on the packet. They can also be more meticulous with their food because they will never be hungry when meal time comes. Feeding Guidelines Remember that every dog is different. See our Diet and Disease section for more information. Dietary fibre also slows down the digestion of the other foods it is consumed with. DogPuddles.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Dry foods should be kept in a cool, dry place while moist foods should be refrigerated after opening and frozen foods should only be thawed just before being fed. Some ingredients are purchased from commodity brokers on the open market — from the cheapest bidder. An inappropriate diet on the other hand can destabilise the immune system making it ineffective or hyper-sensitive and may not provide the necessary nutrients required for joint repair. Consider the 'natural diet' of the dog - either in terms of what they would have eaten in the wild or what the owners might have been providing over the 15,000 years since dogs were first domesticated (there is a lot of discussion over which of these two approaches is more appropriate, but either way, many of the principles are the same). There is a wide choice of working dog foods available, the majority of which are cheap, low grade feeds that, instead of providing extra energy, rely on the owner feeding a lot more to get enough calories in to the dog. Keep in mind that these are guidelines and your dog may need more or Which means how much wet food to feed a dog and how much dry food to feed a dog will be different. Different dogs do better on different diets, so choosing a food will always entail a certain amount of trial and error. Are you feeding your dog enough?  One way to make sure you are feeding enough is to feel your dog’s rib. You might also see "Meets the nutritional requirements of dogs established by the American Association of Feed Control Officials (AAFCO)" or "Complete and balanced nutrition for dogs based on AAFCO feeding trials." Take a look at our dog food changing guide for more information. Lethargy, high blood pressure, joint problems, heart problems and diabetes are all much more common in overweight dogs. As a general guide we advise offering the daily amount of food recommended for the ideal bodyweight of your dog in the feeding guide on the pack. A dog's digestive system needs time to fully adjust to a new food. Make sure that your dog’s food meets the AAFCO standards. John has also been a featured author on several blogs. 'Total meat content': An increasing trend is for dog food manufacturers to list the 'total meat content' rather than the percentage of the individual meat ingredients. Fibre is only found in plants, so virtually all grains and vegetables contain some, while meats contain none at all. Healthy skin and hair are maintained by fat and per gram, fat provides more than twice the energy of protein or carbohydrates. Small and toy breed dogs tend to have higher metabolic rates than their larger cousins. Ingredients: Chicken meal, chicken oil, chicken digest... ". Well don't worry, you are certainly not alone (in fact this is probably the most common dog feeding problem) and in general the remedy is fairly simple. Secondly, the diet controls the dog's weight, which can have huge effects on the joints. Here are some essential guidelines to follow for making safe homemade dog food meals. Any additional weight will also put extra strain on the heart so take care to keep your dog in a healthy, lean condition. If your dog is showing signs of hyperactivity, we would recommend steering clear of any artificial additives, especially preservatives and colourings, as well as foods with any added sugars. This guide is very approximate and may need to be adjusted. Once you have established a daily feeding amount, you can basically divide it up into as many meals as you want and feed them at times to suit you. Getting the mother's diet right is therefore essential, not only for keeping her healthy, but also for ensuring the puppies have the best possible start in life. Continue feeding the high energy food, and begin increasing the amount being fed as shown below, preferably by offering more meals each day rather than larger meals. Never prank your dog by pretending to take the food away. With fussy dogs the chain of events goes owner offers food, dog refuses, he gets a treat; owner offers food, dog refuses, he gets a treat. Week 1: Feed up to 150% of the usual daily amount. Although some dogs are more prone to putting on weight than others, weight gain is only possible when the number of calories going in is greater than the amount being used by the dog. All dogs benefit from exercise, needing at least 30-60 minutes per day, with younger dogs and high energy breeds requiring considerably more. Before and after meals, limit hype activities such as exercise and play, especially if your dog’s breed is prone to bloat. The demand is so high that many dog food manufacturers now incorporate one or more joint supplements in their recipes. For more information, take a look at our guide for feeding dogs with joint problems. Take a look at our general dog feeding guidelines to get started working out the right feeding regime for your puppy. Feeding Guidelines Remember that every dog is different. For breeds that are prone to bloat, avoid excessive amount of water after eating. It is always the result of some factor, and by minimising those factors, you can reduce the chances of all health problems. The key to breaking the cycle is to remove the association between refusing food and treats. Fresh meat in dry foods: In dry dog foods, meat can either be dry (usually called meat meal) or fresh. Ideally, meat should be the first (and therefore most abundant) ingredient on the list. Because the amount of each one is smaller, they appear further down the list making them appear less significant. As we mentioned earlier, most dog foods have charts and guidelines when it comes to feeding your dog. Stones and crystals form from minerals in the urine. For example, there are different rules for "Beef Dog Food", "Beef Recipe Dog Food", "Dog Food with Beef" and "Beef Flavor Dog Food". As long as you can get the amounts right, mixing different foods can be an excellent and easy way of increasing the variety and balance of your dog's diet. Different dogs mature at different rates. Their role is to remove toxins like urea and excess minerals from the blood. However, FDA ensures that the ingredients used in pet food are safe and have an appropriate function in the pet food. Many nutritionists also recommend moving away from red meat diets as they are higher in cholesterol which can stick to the inside of blood vessels making pumping blood through them more difficult. FEDIAF - The Europe Pet Food Industry VIDEO: How pet food is made Animation on how both wet and dry pet food are produced This video will take you through different production stages, ensuring nutrition, safety and palatability of All dogs are different and while some dogs will flourish on apparently low grade foods, others might have difficulties on even the highest quality diets. Fibre absorbs water like a sponge. Once you have decided which categories of food you would prefer to feed, we can help you find the very best varieties from the hundreds that are available - just enter your dogs details and select the types of foods your interested in on our dog food search page to get started. Compare your dog's body shape to the dogs pictured above. Give your dog peace while eating. It will help to avoid him from being frantic. Certain fats, called essential fatty acids (commonly known as omega 3 and 6 oils) cannot be made by the dog and therefore must be obtained from food. A dog's body is an amazing thing. The most important thing to look for on an ingredients list is clarity. Some dogs can be a real pain to feed. This can cost you more and your dog may eat less but will be more satisfied. Giving your dog the right amount of food is an important part of keeping them healthy, just like giving your dog good, nutritious food and enough exercise. This is important to avoid over feeding and also helps to prevent fussiness. When calculating the food's calorific content, it is incinerated and the energy released is measured. Dog food regulations happen at several levels, including federal, state, and often local. If, on the other hand, there is too little water in the colon, which often leads to constipation, the fibre will draw water in from surrounding tissues and help to resolve the problem. Feeding the right amount is just as important as feeding the right food. Every dog food manufacturer has its own idea of what levels of nutrients a dog needs and as a result, the amounts of protein, fat and fibre can vary enormously between foods. These supplements are much better at surviving the cooking process but have come under criticism from natural feeding advocates who claim that they are nutritionally inferior to natural vitamins. Repeat the process at each meal, and keep treats between meals down until the fussiness has ceased. Some dog food brands also make intermediate junior foods which should be fed between the puppy and the adult foods. For this reason, some dog food producers have started experimenting with lower temperature baking or even cold-pressing. High protein diets therefore inevitably produce more urea, so low protein diets are often recommended for dogs that are prone to urinary problems. Another important function of fibre is as a pre-biotic. If your dog has suddenly lost his appetite it is always best to consult a vet. Deep-chested dogs should be fed with particularly smaller meals to avoid stomach torsion and bloating. Protein is an important part of every cell in your dog's body and is essential for healthy growth and repair. Senior diets do however allow for the inclusion of certain supplements to help with the common health problems affecting older dogs. ), so replacing a percentage of the recommended amount of one complete with the same percentage of another will generally work out more or less the same. Although extra food would do the job, the mother's stomach capacity will be significantly reduced due to the presence of the puppies, so it is much better to continue to feed the same amount but switch to a higher energy food. The AAFCO Pet Food and Specialty Pet Food Labeling Guide was developed in collaboration with feed control officials from different states. One or two a day will help to build up an appetite between meals. Always ensure your dog has access to plenty of clean, fresh water. Most foods for dogs with arthritis will also have added chondroitin and glucosamine for healthy joints and low grain content, since some grains may increase inflammation. When you notice your dog slowing down or eating less, it is probably time to gradually alter the diet. These bacteria aid in the digestion of food and help to prevent harmful bugs from getting established. As long as he is otherwise in good health and his motions are firm you should try gradually increasing his feeding amounts. Most dog food manufacturers classify dogs as ‘senior’ or ‘mature’ when they reach 7 years of age. When dogs carry too much weight, they suffer from exactly the same problems as overweight humans. Having said that, by reading pet food labels and knowing what to look for, finding the right food can be made a lot easier, and this is where we can help. Here's the lowdown on what you need to know for dog food safety. Debates regarding dry kibble versus canned dog food has been going on for a while now. True enough, dry food is economic and convenient. Steering clear of these ingredients is important because if the dog's system has not had time to adjust to it - a process which can take thousands of generations, then it will not be processed properly and may instead cause a reaction. For more information, take a look at our guide on feeding dogs with joint problems. The more concentrated the urine is, the more likely they are to form. For this reason we always recommend introducing a new food over several days to make the change as smooth as possible. The eternal question... what should I feed my dog? Being in a totally new environment and away from the mother and siblings for the first time, this is undoubtably one of the most stressful times of a puppy's life and every care should be taken to making it as easy as possible. You would like to give their dogs a combination of both food types digestion of the mineral of. Foods ) for years that dry food is fairly unimportant so take care to his... 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